Cambaceres (kam-ba-sare'-ez), Jean Jacques, Duke of Parma. Born in Montpellier in 1753. He was brought up to the legal profession, and became president of the French Convention in 1792. He voted for pronouncing Louis XVI guilty, but denied the right of the Convention to proceed to the last extremity, and wished that the unfortunate monarch might be detained in prison and put to death only in case of invasion. He was afterwards president of the Committee of Public Safety and of the Council of Five Hundred. When Napoleon Bonaparte was named first, Cambaceres was made second consul. During the hundred days after Bonaparte's return, he was president of the Chamber of Peers. He left France when the Bourbons were a second time restored, but was permitted to return. Died 1824.