Crispi, Francesco. Born in 1819. Italian statesman, joined in the conspiracies which led to the overthrow of the kingdom of the two Sicilies (1848); planned the second Sicilian revolt of 1859-60; fought under Garibaldi; became a minister of state; represented Palermo in the first Italian parliament, in which he was leader of the constitutional opposition. Crispi was appointed minister of the interior in 1877, president of the council and premier in 1887, and resigned in 1891. Died 1901.