Cavour (kah-voor'), Camillo, Count di. Eminent Italian statesman. Born in 1810. In 1847, he took an active part in the promulgation of the liberal doctrines then agitating his country, and largely assisted in the establishment of the constitution granted by King Charles Albert in 1848. In 1850 he became minister of commerce, and minister of finances the following year. In 1852 he succeeded D'Azeglio as first minister, secured the liberty of the press, favored religious toleration and free trade, and during his seven years' tenure of office brought about the regeneration of Italy by the Treaty of Villafranca in 1859. Died 1861.