Benedict XV, Pope. Giacomo della Chiesa, successor of Pius X. Born in Pegli, near Genoa 1854. He was the son of a nobleman of wealth, and was educated at Genoa and at Rome. Ordained to the priesthood, 1878; associated at Madrid, 1883-87; and later at Rome. In 1901 Giacomo della Chiesa became consultor to the holy office at Rome. In 1907 he was appointed archbishop of Bologna, and May 25, 1914, was made cardinal. On September 3, 1914, he was elected pope. During the World War, Pope Benedict made repeated efforts to bring about peace among the warring nations. Died 1922.