Blanc (blong), Jean Joseph Louis. A French historian and socialistic writer. Born in Madrid, 1811. Started as a journalist. Founded the "Revue du Progres," and published separately in 1840 "Organization of Labor," which had already appeared in the "Revue," a work which gained the favor of the working classes. Was member of the Provisional Government of 1848, and eventually of the National Assembly. Threatened with impeachment, fled to England. Returned to France on the fall of the empire, and was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1871. Blanc wrote an elaborate "History of the French Revolution." Died 1882.