Bazaine, Francois Achille. Marshal of France. Born at Versailles, 1811. Distinguished himself in Algiers, the Crimean, and Mexico. Did good service as commander of the army of the Rhine in the Franco-German War, but after the surrender at Sedan was shut up in Metz, surrounded by the Germans, and obliged to surrender with all his generals, officers, and men. Was tried by court-martial and condemned to death, but was imprisoned instead. Made good his escape one evening to Madrid, where he lived to write a justification of his conduct. Died 1888.