Augustus, Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus, a Roman Emperor, born 63 B.C. Was the son of Caius Octavius and Atia, niece of Julius Caesar, by whom he was adopted when but four years of age. He was in Epirus when Julius Caesar was assassinated, but speedily returned to claim his inheritance. Connected with Antony and Lepidus, Octavianus shared the guilt which stains the name of the triumvirate. His colleagues put aside, at the age of 36 he became emperor, with the title of Augustus. His reign was fortunate, good laws were framed in it, and the arts flourished under his protection. He died A.D. 14.