Aristotle (ar'-is-tot-l). A distinguished philosopher, born at Stagira in Thrace, 384 B.C. When 20 years of age, he had the advantage of being placed under Plato, who pronounced his eulogy by describing him to be "the mind" of his academy. His growing fame caused Philip of Macedon to make him tutor to his son Alexander. That prince is said to have profited from his sage counsel to restore towns that he had ruined. Pursued by envy, Aristotle was accused of impiety, and retired to Chalcis, where he died 322 B.C.