Alexander I, Paulovich, born in 1777, Emperor of Russia and King of Poland. He succeeded to the throne in 1801, and showed himself a brave and judicious monarch. He entered into a treaty with England, Austria, and Sweden to resist the encroachments of France, but was defeated at the battles of Austerlitz, Eylau, and Friedland, and compelled to make peace with Napoleon at Tilsit. In 1812 was again broke out, and on the conclusion of peace in 1814 Alexander visited England and Poland. Died, 1825.