Biography of Alexander II, Nikolayevitch


Alexander II, Nikolayevitch, emperor of Russia, born in 1818. Succeeded his father as czar in 1855. He married in 1841 Marie, daughter of the Grand Duke Louis II, of Hesse-Darmstadt. He terminated the Crimean War soon after his accession by the Treaty of Paris. Though trained by his father to a military life, he devoted himself to the internal affairs of his country, improved the popular education, and emancipated the Russian serfs. He waged war successfully on Turkey in 1877-78. He was assassinated in Petrograd, 1881.